Scientists say the results are worrying especially with the “dramatic rise” in young people taking up vaping
E-cigarettes are not safe for your lungs and will leave vapers more exposed to acid reflux, heart failure and cancer, experts have revealed.
Scientists say those who vape are nearly twice as likely to suffer from breathing difficulties and wheezing than those who do not smoke.
The research, by the University of Rochester Medical Center in New York, adds to the growing fears over the the electronic cigarettes – which many take up to quit smoking.
Study author Dr Deborah Ossip, a professor in the department of public health sciences, said: “The take-home message is electronic cigarettes are not safe when it comes to lung health.
The changes we’re seeing with vaping, both in laboratory experiments and studies of people who vape, are consistent with early signs of lung damage, which is very worrisome.”
According to the Office of National Statistics, 19.4 per cent of adults in the UK have tried vaping and 5.5 per cent still using e-cigarettes.
The researchers analysed more than 28,000 adults from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health study.
The Tobacco Control journal’s published results showed vapers were 1.7 times more likely to experience wheezing and other respiratory symptoms.
And that remained true even after adjusting for factors like BMI, age, gender and secondhand smoke exposure.
Wheezing, which is caused by narrowed or abnormal airways, is often a precursor to other serious health conditions such as emphysema, gastro-esophageal reflux disease, heart failure, lung cancer and sleep apnea.
Lead study author Dr Dongmei L, associate professor in the Department of Clinical and Translational Research at URMC, acknowledged the limitations of the study.
He said the research relied on participates remembering if they wheezed or not, and it cannot prove if vaping caused the wheeze, only that there is a link between the two.
Senior study author Dr Irfan Rahman added: “The research clearly identifies another health repercussion from vaping.”
He added that it was particularly worrying with the “dramatic uptick in youth vaping”.
Dr Rahman said with the emergence of small, sleek vaping devices that are used with sweet flavoured-nicotine pods he fears the number of young people who vape will continue to grow.
He added that serious health consequences, including allergies, loss of immunity, and subsequent infections will follow.